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布拉莫斯是世界上最先进的巡航导弹吗

Is BrahMos the best ever cruise missile built in the world?

布拉莫斯是世界上最先进的巡航导弹吗?

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以下是Quora读者的评论:

Saphyaire Wind, Military Geek, interested in modern Military Technologies

Whether Brahmos is the deadliest or not it is a matter of debate . But it is certainly effective. But any conclusion cannot be reached with one sided arguments i.e. we have compare Brahmos with western cruise ship-killer cruise missiles like Harpoon of USA.

布拉莫斯是不是最致命的导弹,是一个有争议的问题。但它确实是先进导弹。但是任何结论都不能通过片面的论点来得出,比如我们把布拉莫斯导弹和西方的巡航导弹作比较,比如美国的“鱼叉”导弹。

1.Stealth and Agility vs Stealth and speed: Western anti-ship missiles such as the Harpoon and Exocet are not supersonic, they depends on stealth and agility to counter missile defense system. Brahmos is big missile rushing at 2.8 mach speed and hence, more detectable. But, the idea is to make it stealthy enough to avoid early detection. So, when it gets detected because of its heat release, it is too late for any missile defense system.

2.Size matters: US made small missiles so that jets can carry it. A f18 can carry more than two harpoon easily. But, Brahmos can be as 2500 kg. But, these same disadvantages make it the deadliest. Aircraft carriers are too sturdy as it has handle 20 ton jets landing at more than 100 mile/hr speed. So, it can withstand one or two hits of small missiles. Now, imagine a 2500 kg missile ramming at over 3300 km/hr speed with 300 kg explosive. Game over for any ship.

3.Brahmos is exception: It can bypass even the most advanced ship protection systems like Aegis Combat System, because even today, most of the ship protection systems are capable of handling cruise missile with 1.5 mach (or something around that speed) as those were mainly made for USSR missiles during cold era.

Brahmos is not the best as western missiles are more agile, intelligent, but it is very highly effective.

1.隐形和灵活vs隐形和速度:西方的反舰导弹如鱼叉和飞鱼不是超音速导弹,它们依靠隐形和灵活来对抗导弹防御系统。布拉莫斯导弹是一种大型导弹,速度为2.8马赫,因此更容易探测到。但是,我们要使它足够隐秘,避免被早期探测到。当它最终因为热当量而被探测到时,任何导弹防御系统都为时已晚。

2.尺寸很重要:美国制造了小型导弹,以便喷气式飞机携带。一架F18可以轻松携带两支以上的鱼叉导弹。但布拉莫斯重达2500公斤。但是,这些相同的缺点使它成为最致命的武器。航空母舰十分坚固,可以承受20吨重的喷气式飞机以每小时100英里的速度降落在航母上。所以,它可以承受一两次小型导弹的打击。现在,想象一个2500公斤的导弹以3300公里/小时的速度和300公斤的炸药量撞击航母。任何航母都无力回天。

3.布拉莫斯是例外:它甚至可以绕过最先进的船保护系统(比如“宙斯盾”作战系统,因为即使在今天,大部分军舰防御系统有能力处理1.5马赫速度的巡航导弹(主要是冷战时期苏联制造的导弹。)

布拉莫斯导弹不是最好的,因为西方导弹更灵活、更智能,但它依然非常有效。

 

Nikhil, lives in India

I disagree with the other answer. Brahmos is one of the deadliest supersonic anti ship and land attack cruise missiles in the world. It's not meant to have a long range as its for an entirely different purpose.

Brahmos has changed the Indian armed forces greatly. We now possess a missile against which Pakistan has no defense. It has bolstered our security by its prowess.

During tests , it hit the bulls eye every time and managed to hit a corvette just above the waterline . This is exceptional accuracy for a supersonic missile. Indian Navy currently has around 100 Brahmos deployed on its ships. It has given them an unprecedented boost in anti ship capability . No other missile In our inventory is as capable as the Brahmos.

It's mach 3 speed and 300 kg warhead and 290 km range is more than enough for the army to take out valuable enemy installations along the border and for the Navy to take out any enemy ship .

My conclusion is, Brahmos is the best missile in our region and it has totally changed the balance of naval power with its induction in the Navy .

我不同意另一个答案。布拉莫斯是世界上最致命的超音速反舰和陆地攻击巡航导弹之一。它没有很大的射程,因为它的目标完全不同。

布拉莫斯极大地改变了印度军队。我们现在拥有一种巴基斯坦无法防御的导弹。它以其威力加强了我们的国防安全。

在测试中,它每一次都能击中了目标,并能击中水面以上的护卫舰。这对于超音速导弹来说是非常精确的。印度海军目前部署了大约100艘布拉莫斯导弹。这给了他们前所未有的反舰能力。我们的武器库中没有其他导弹能比得上布拉莫斯。

它的3马赫的速度和300公斤的弹头,290公里的射程足以让陆军摧毁边界上敌方的值钱军备,也足以让海军摧毁任何敌舰。

我的结论是,布拉莫斯导弹是我们地区最先进的导弹,完全改变了海军力量的平衡。

译文来源:极速分分时时彩开奖-极速3分快3开奖 http://lleeaj.cn/48739.html 译者:Joyceliu

 

Kruno Rajkovic, an avid reader of military technology papers and books.

Brahmos is ONE OF THE BEST cruise missiles in the world. Few people already mentioned here that Brahmos is great in its anti ship role. But even in that department it's not the best. Sure it's the fastest anti ship missile but when you go fast you radiate heat and therefore you're much more visible to any defense then subsonic missile. Also US anti ship missile LRASM which is much slower then Brahmos is superior in its stealthines and it's incredibly smart meaning it can avoid and sense enemy defense layers on its own and operate in GPS and radar denied environment.

Then there is the matter of range. Brahmos is thought of as a short range cruise missile especially when you compare it to Tomahawk or Russian Kalibr cruise missile which can be fixed from over 1000 miles. So Brahmos would be useless against any target beyond 290 km. There ar many more examples and that's why Brahmos is considered one of the best missiles for short range anti ship role.

布拉莫斯是世界上最先进的巡航导弹之一。有少数人提到了布拉莫斯在反舰方面的威力。但即使在这个领域,它也不是最好的。当然,它是最快的反舰导弹,但当你速度很快时,会散发出热量,因此你比亚音速导弹更容易被任何防御系统发现。此外,美国反舰导弹LRASM比布拉莫斯导弹要慢得多,它的隐形能力更强,而且非常聪明,这意味着它可以自己避开和探测敌方防御层,并在GPS和雷达探测不到的环境下工作。

然后是射程问题。布拉莫斯导弹被认为是一种短程巡航导弹,特别是当你把它与战斧或俄罗斯Kalibr巡航导弹相比时(可以在1000多英里外发射)。所以布拉莫斯导弹对290公里以外的目标毫无用处。还有更多的例子,这就是为什么布拉莫斯导弹被认为是最好的短程反舰导弹之一。

 

Veerappan Laxman, Engineer, Gamer, Dreamer, likes History, Science, Technology and Peace. Dislikes Politics, Terrorism, Viole...

It's the best "Supersonic" curise missile today - different types of cruise missiles have completely different purposes and operational methods.

BrahMos is the fastest cruise missile and has the longest range of any supersonic cruise missile at 290km. This alongwith high accuracy and a unique movement applied at the last leg of the missile flight increasing it's penetration drastically make it the deadliest supersonic cruise missile currently available. 

It's mainly meant for short range coastal/naval engagements. In land warfare, for quick tactical strikes of important and well defended targets.

The level of threat by this missile is so great - that the US Navy has commissioned a project to get their own equivalen missile system or buy BrahMos - the reports are available from Startfor and other defence forum/companies forums.

它是当今最先进的“超音速”巡航导弹——不同类型的巡航导弹有完全不同的用途和操作方法。

布拉莫斯是最快的巡航导弹,射程290公里,是所有超音速巡航导弹中最远的。这个射程与高精度及导弹飞行末段独特的运动轨迹,增加了它的突防能力,使它成为目前最致命的超音速巡航导弹。

它主要用于近距离的沿海/海上作战。在陆战中,用于对重要和防御良好的目标的快速战术打击。

这种导弹的威胁程度极大,迫使美国海军立项研发他们自己的等效导弹系统或购买布拉莫斯—在Startfor和其他国防论坛/公司论坛里能看到对这个事件的报道。

 

Sachin, running my defence blog from last 10 years

Brahmos, Indo-Russian joint venture to develop a Super-sonic cruise missile. India have 50.5% of stake in Brahmos Aerospace ltd. Company (49.5% of stake is of Russian side). Brahmos Aerospace ltd is a Joint Venture company which developed the world's fastest cruise missile (Brahmos). Brahmos can launched from different platforms, it can be launched from submarine, ships, Aircraft(under testing), and it also can be fired from land too. Brahmos Aerospace Ltd company owned by govt. And it was founded in 1998.

Brahmos can destroy any target with in 290 km of range with 2.8 to 3.0 mac of speed ( which can be 3400 km/h to 3700 km/h approx.) Due to its speed and special features its is a non-intercept-able missile by any of radar present in this world. One more thing is that Brahmos cruise at a very low level which makes it non traceable .In 2001 first test of Brahmos taken place from chandipur (integrated test range) and its second test were taken at ITR in 2004 from mobile launcher.

印度—俄罗斯合资研发的一种超音速巡航导弹。印度拥有布拉莫斯航空航天公司50.5%的股份。公司(49.5%股权为俄罗斯方)布拉莫斯航空有限公司是一家合资公司,研发了世界上最快的巡航导弹(布拉莫斯)。布拉莫斯导弹可以从不同的平台发射,可以从潜艇、舰艇、飞机(正在测试中)上发射,也可以从陆地发射。布拉莫斯航空有限公司由政府所有,成立于1998年。

布拉莫斯可以摧毁290公里范围内的任何目标,时速2.8到3.0马赫(约3400公里/小时到3700公里/小时)。鉴于其速度和特点,它是一种任何雷达也无法拦截的导弹。另外布拉莫斯巡航的高度非常低,这使得它无法被追踪到。2001年布拉莫斯的第一次测试在昌迪普尔进行(综合测试范围),2004年在ITR从移动发射架进行了第二次测试。

 

Anthony Tauro, Casual Observer

By most counts, the answer is no. In fact, I doubt it does much for the Indian security needs either.

The BrahMos is the fastest cruise missile in the world, but has a range of less than 300 km. Pakistan's Babur on the other hand has a range of 700 km.

Cruise missiles have their advantages, but the big one right now is that they are hard to detect.

The armed forces of the world have been focusing on building defense systems against conventional, ballistic missiles. India is working with Israel to build one similar to the Iron Dome, but using the Prithvi missile.

But these are Anti-Ballistic Missile systems, and wont work against cruise missiles. Further Pakistan does not even have an ABM program, so Indian ballistic missiles are quite sufficient if needed. On the other hand, a range of 300 km keeps most of China out of the Brahmos' range.

多数情况下,答案是否定的。事实上,我怀疑这对印度的国防需求没有多大帮助。

布拉莫斯是世界上最快的巡航导弹,但射程不到300公里。而巴基斯坦的巴布尔导弹的射程为700公里。

巡航导弹有它们的优势,但目前最大的优势是它们很难被探测到。

世界各国的武装部队一直致力于建立针对常规弹道导弹的防御系统。印度正在与以色列合作建造一个类似“铁穹”的导弹,但使用的是“普里特维”导弹。

但这些都是反弹道导弹系统,对巡航导弹不起作用。此外,巴基斯坦甚至没有反弹道导弹计划,所以如果需要,印度的弹道导弹就足够了。另一方面,300公里的射程使中国大部分地区无法进入布拉莫斯导弹的射程。

 

Ashis Kumar, studied Master of Business Administration Degrees

To Start with: BrahMos is not ICB or terrain hugging Cruse Missile . It is not meant for deterrence, primarily. In an actual war scenario, BrahMos will be use widely to take out tactical target where bombing with plain is not feasible. As is best stated; attack from ship at tactical land targets or to other ship. And other tactical targets that the army would like to take out to break stalemate and march forward.

The terrain hugging Cruse Missile have other purpose. They are to take out precision targets located more internally in the land. Say like a Electric Sub Station or a Train Station or an administrative building which are likely to be protected with SAM. India has Nirbhay for that propose.

首先:布拉莫斯导弹不是洲际弹道导弹,也不是地对地导弹。这主要不是为了威慑。在真实战争中,布拉莫斯会被广泛地用于清除战术目标,在平原轰炸是不可行的。这是最好的说明;从船上攻击战术陆地目标或其他船只。和其他战术目标,军队想要打破僵局,前进。

地对地导弹还有其他用途。他们的任务是消灭更多位于陆地内部的精确目标。比如某个变电站,某个火车站或者某个行政大楼,它们都可能受到SAM的保护。印度已经准备好了。

 

Rajbirendra Choudhary, Weapon analyst and knowledge collecter.

Gentlemen,

Brahmos is most unique one…..even if it is detected 150km away, still you have less than 150 seconds to react and trust me i analysed every aspect on availible internet platform and found that it is deadliest one….

1- with speed mach 2.8 its KE is about 32 times the tomhawk

2-it changes its trajectory every second

3-extremely difficult to intercept

So, it is best and deadliest.

先生们,

布拉莫斯是最独特的……即使它会在150公里外被探测到,你还有不到150秒的反应时间,相信我,我在可用的互联网平台上分析了各个方面,发现它是最致命的导弹……

1.它的时速达到2.8马赫,它的动能大约是tomhawk的32倍

2.它每秒钟都在改变飞行轨迹

3.极难拦截

所以,它是最好的,也是最致命的导弹。

 

Neeraj U, Defence enthusiast

It fastest cruise missile in the world but that doesnt essentially mean it is the best , it depends on the mission profile if you consider anti ship missions then it can be considered as the best in the world but if you consider a land attack capabilty Tomahawk would be my pick beacuse of its range ,accuracy and the fact that it is battle proven . A Tomahwak missile can be launched at a moving truck from a destroyer which is 1500 km away but in the case of BrahMos it must be closer to its target to be effective (its range is being increased to 600 km as India has entered the MTCR) so if you want to attack on target using BrahMos it would under enemy threat due to its limited range .

它是世界上最快的巡航导弹,但实质上并不意味着它就是最好的,如果是反舰任务,那么它可以说是世界上最好的,但是如果面对陆地进攻,我会选择Tomahawk,因为其范围、准确性和事实证明其更为优秀。Tomahwak导弹可以在1500公里之外的驱逐舰上的卡车发射,但布拉莫斯必须接近才能有效进攻(其范围正在逐步提高至600公里)。

 

Freedom Fighter, PROFESSIONAL from The Institute of Company Secretaries of India (2018)

Hello Everyone,

Here, many experts saying that it is not the best and it's heavy and so on…., there is no missile that matches the capabilities of the BrahMos mainly because of the 2 reasons:-

1.Speed

2.Reliability

if you show me any missile better than this then I am open for the debate

大家好,

许多专家说它不是最好的,它很重等等……在美国,没有一种导弹能与布拉莫斯导弹匹敌,原因主要有两个

1.速度

2.可靠性

如果你能说出比这更好的导弹,我愿意公开辩论

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